Anti-aging Skin Care Tips For Youthful Look( part 1/2 )
Hi again, welcome back to doctor wellness. My name is Dr. Chen Yiming and in this two part series, we will be talking about ways to maintain a youthful looking skin. A topic I’m sure is of interest to all who wants to look good.
What makes the skin look youthful and young? What are the factors that causes premature skin aging? And what can you do to maintain a youthful, look through lifestyle and cosmetics. All this and more.
If you’re new to our channel, please click on the subscribe and notification button right now. There are three pillars to maintain youthful looking skin. If you want to look young, achieve this three points.
Number one, keep your skin well hydrated. Number two, keep the skin fair and reduce the pigmentations. And number three, maintain the collagen and support structure to reduce sagging and wrinkles. When your skin is clean, bright, and smooth and tight, you will look younger.
Now what happens during skin aging, the renewal of cells in the epidermis slows down and the epidermis becomes thinner and fine lines and wrinkles start to appear. The dermis where the collagen and support structure is found becomes thinner.
You will lose collagen as you age and the elastic support structure breaks down and becomes looser. Hence your skin sags. Number three, your skin starts to lose water and hyaluronic acid. And number four, pigments, start to accumulate due to continuous accumulated UV damage from the sun.
So what can we do to slow down or reverse this process? There are internal and external factors that we have to control. I will touch upon the three external factors in episode one. Okay. So number one, sun avoidance and sun protection is extremely important.
The sun is damaging to our skin and UVA causes pigmentations and wrinkling and premature breakdown of collagen and UVB causes sunburn. By reducing sun exposure and sun protection, we can slow down the effects of sun-induced aging.
So minimize the exposure to the sun. And if you have to go outdoor, remember to wear a cap or a hat and as much as possible wear long sleeve shirts and pants to cover up your limbs. Now i will teach you guys how to select your sunblock.
When you purchase your sunblock, always look out for two things. Number one, look out for broad spectrum or dual-band or specifically UVA and UVB protection. Secondly, look out for the SPF number. Now what exactly is SPF? Is the SPF the higher the better? Well, SPF is called sun protection factor.
If your skin takes 10 minutes under direct sunlight to become red SPF 30 increases that time by 30 times that you get 300 minutes. Now look at a graph. SPF of 15 protects against 92% of UVB, SPF of 30 protects against 97% of UVB.
So yes, the higher the SPF, the better the protection is against UVB, but SPF 30 already blocks out 97% of all UVB rays, hence anything higher may not significantly improve the UVB protection. Number two moisturizer.
As we age, our skin loses significant amount of moisture and hyaluronic acid. Hyaluronic acid is found around the skin cells and has a unique capacity to retain and bind water molecules to it. And hence it is a very important molecule.
And as we age is important to replace that moisture loss through topical applications. Examples of moisturizers includes humectants and Emollients. Humectants draw water to the skin cells to keep them hydrated.
Examples are glycerin, hyaluronic acid, urea, and alpha hydroxy acids, otherwise known as AHA. They are suitable for all skin types, including oily, combination and acne prone skin, because they do not contain heavy oils.
Emollients filling spaces or gaps between skin cells that are missing moisturizing lipids. They fill the space and gap in the skin and hence makes the skin smoother and better hydrated. Examples include ceramide, lanolin, mineral oil and petroleum.
They are suitable for very dry skin or eczematous skin. Number three, I’m going to touch upon retinol. Retinol is a wonder drug for the skin. There are off the counter retinol or variants of vitamin a and there are also doctor prescribed retinol.
It encourages skin renewal and new skin growth. It makes the old skin shed off faster by generating new skin cells. It helps to reduce and lighten pigmentation. It reduce fine lines and wrinkles, and even sometimes reduce pores.
Take note that concentrated vitamin a and higher concentration requires a doctor prescriptions as there are side effects associated with it. So that concludes part one of the series on how to maintain youthful looking skin.
I hope it was educational and informative. Stay tune next week for part two, where we will be talking about lifestyle factors to maintain youthful looking skin. Please click on the subscribe and notification button if you haven’t already done so.
Stay healthy and safe. Till the next time.